Storia e Politica 3/2020
DIE SPÄTMITTELALTERLICHE GESCHICHTE SIZILIENS ALS PATCHWORK. DIE NEUERFINDUNG DER NOVISSIMORUM TEMPORUM IM WERK DE REBUS SICULIS DECADES DUAE DES DOMINIKANISCHEN GELEHRTEN TOMMASO FAZELLO (1558) (A PATCHWORK HISTORY OF LATE MEDIEVAL SICILY. THE REWRITING OF NOVISSIMORUM TEMPORUM IN THE WORK DE REBUS SICULIS DECADES DUAE BY LEARNED DOMINICAN TOMMASO FAZELLO )
Keywords: Dominicans, Sicily, historiography, politics, research work.
The Work De Rebus Siculis Decades Duae by Tommaso Fazello, scholar of the Ordo Praedicatorum, was published in 1558 and soon after it revolutionized the way Sicily’s history was reconstructed and described. This study refers to the six fundamental points of Fazello’s book and develops and clarifies each point the Dominican historian started from to write a harmonious and organic history of Sicily, dealing with a very long period between the Flood (he thinks it happened 2242 years after the creation of the world) and the abdication of Emperor Charles of Habsburg in favor of his son Philips II. Fazello’s book is based on a Thomist conception of the world and its sources are archeological excavations and very often mythological groundless traditions. But the author describes vividly with accuracy the usages and customs of the population living in Sicily as he has a direct personal experience of all the processions and events taking place in the island. Consequently De Rebus Siculis Decades Duae is one of the most fascinating evidence how the history of Sicily in the European historiography, from Late Middle Ages to the Humanism, is read, interpreted and written.
L’OECONOMIE POLITIQUE DI ANTOINE DE MONTCHRÉTIEN TRA RAGION DI STATO E SOVRANITÀ (THE OECONOMIE POLITIQUE OF ANTOINE DE MONTCHRÉTIEN BETWEEN REASON OF STATE AND SOVEREIGNTY)
Keywords: Montchrétien, political economy, reason of state, sovereignty, governmentality.
The essay deals with the relationship between reason of state, the birth of political economy and sovereignty in Antoine de Montchrétien’s Traicté de l'oeconomie politique. This work is in fact interpreted as one of the main ramifications that the discourse on the art of governing, which contemporary authors named reason of state, took place in Europe. Therefore, I will argue that the treatise does not represent an anticipation of the future science of economics, but a specific attempt to configure an art of the government out of a reinterpretation of political Aristotelianism. When compared with the theory of sovereignty elaborated by Jean Bodin, the Traicté by Montchrétien appears to express a different political rationality, specifically oriented on developing a new art for the "government of men" within a state in the modern age.
TRA LIBERALISMO E SOCIALISMO. APPUNTI SU CARLO ROSSELLI E IL PENSIERO POLITICO INGLESE (BETWEEN LIBERALISM AND SOCIALISM. NOTES ON CARLO ROSSELLI AND THE BRITISH POLITICAL THOUGHT)
Keywords: Liberalism, Socialism, Rosselli, Mill, Green, Hobhouse.
This paper aims at highlighting the contact points between Carlo Rosselli's theoretical elaboration and the British political thought. Rosselli's major work, Socialismo liberale, is read here in relation to the reflections of British liberal authors such as Mill, Green and Hobhouse, in whose works the prodromes of an elaboration combining elements of liberalism and socialism can be found. The attempt to present some aspects of the long-standing connection between Rosselli and England concerns the concept of freedom, the criticism of the degenerations of bourgeois liberalism and the solutions, although not systematic, that Rosselli provides in his work as an alternative to the existing political, social and economic system, where freedom and justice could be joined.
EPIDEMIOLOGIA POLITICA: FOUCAULT, GIRARD E LA PANDEMIA DA COVID-19 (POLITICAL EPIDEMIOLOGY: FOUCAULT, GIRARD AND THE COVID-19 PANDEMIC)
Keywords: Pandemic, social medicalization, scapegoat theory, immunization, political epidemiology.
The main aim of this essay is to find useful historical-political grids in order to interpret governmental strategies and dispositives that have been activated during the CoViD-19 pandemic outbreak. From this perspective, Michel Foucault’s concept of social medicalization and René Girard’s scapegoat theory seem to be extremely fertile. As a matter of fact, both Foucault and Girard’s approaches to social phenomena and political systems could be read on an immunitarian background. I suggest here to call political epidemiology the common standpoint of these two otherwise very different authors.
Note e discussioni/Notes and discussions
CATHARSIS ET VIOLENCE POLITIQUE (CATHARSIS AND POLITICAL VIOLENCE)
Keywords: Scapegoat, Political violence, Catharsis, Aristotle, William Marx, René Girard.
The ambition of this paper is to wonder whether the cathartic function of art can be efficient in the face of contemporary political violence. To sketch out an answer to this broad issue, our study begins with a presentation of the theory of the scapegoat and sacrificial violence in the work of René Girard, continues with the presentation of the function of catharsis in Aristotle’s Poetics and its implementation in a few examples of tragedies, and concludes with William Marx’s modern approach to this notion.
Cronache e notizie/Chronicles and news
Elena Gaetana Faraci
Napoleone III, il Secondo Impero, l’unificazione italiana e la politica europea. Convegno internazionale
La storia delle dottrine politiche tra bilanci e prospettive. Note a margine sul Seminario in onore di Raffaella Gherardi
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