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Storia e Politica 3/2021

Rivista abbonamento
Autore rivista
AA.VV.
ISSN
2037-0520
Materia
Storia e politica : rivista quadrimestrale

 

Storia e Politica: rivista quadrimestrale: XIII, 3, 2021


Ricerche/Articles 

 

Mauro Lenci

Università di Pisa

LO SGUARDO DELL’OCCIDENTE. I RAPPORTI CON L’ALTRO DALL’ANTICA GRECIA ALL’ILLUMINISMO

(THE PERSPECTIVE OF THE WESTERN WORLD IN THE RELATIONSHIP WITH OTHER PEOPLES, FROM ANCIENT GREECE TO THE ENLIGHTENMENT)

Keywords: European Cultural Identity, Otherness, Critical Investigation, Universalism, Relativism.

The West has shaped its political and cultural identity in the relationship with Others. It was the close contact with other peoples that caused the birth of critical investigation in Greece and permeated Western thought in all its forms. Through some exemplary figures, ranging from Classical to Modern age, we try to show how the effort aimed at understanding different cultures has been constant throughout European history. Such endeavor can be seen in the relationship with the rest of the world, regardless of the purposes that enlivened these encounters or of the clashes with foreign realities. The continuous dialogue that has ensued has made it possible to develop alternative theories in the relativist or universalist mold, which have allowed us to define the modern concept of tolerance.

 

Alessandro Mulieri

KU Leuven/Research Foundation Flanders - Leuven (Belgium)

DA MACHIAVELLI A ARISTOTELE. DONATO GIANNOTTI SUL GOVERNO MISTO E IL REGIME POPOLARE NELLA REPUBBLICA FIORENTINA

(FROM MACHIAVELLI TO ARISTOTLE. DONATO GIANNOTTI ON THE MIXED CONSTITUTION AND THE POPULAR REGIME IN THE FLORENTINE REPUBLIC)

Keywords: Giannotti, Machiavelli, Aristotele, Polybius, mixed regime

This article analyzes Donato Giannotti’s theories of the mixed constitution and the popular regime in his work The Florentine Republic in two different ways. First of all, it reconstructs the debt of Giannotti’s ideas with the thoughts of Polybius and Machiavelli. Second, it pays particular attention to Giannotti’s extensive engagement with Aristotle and Aristotelian language in his theory of the mixed regime. It is shown that, even if Giannotti at times draws on Machiavelli, he provides ideas that incorporate Aristotle and Aristotelian language in order to present a specific popular theory of republicanism.

 

Carlos Alberto Murgueitio Manrique

Colegio de México -Departamento de Historia de la Universidad del Valle en Cali y Buga, Colombia - CEHA (Centro de Estudios Históricos y Ambientales).

LA GRANDE PENSEE DE NAPOLEÓN III (1858 – 1861). LA ESTRATEGIA FRANCESA PARA FORJAR UN IMPERIO AMERICANO

(LA GRANDE PENSEE DE NAPOLEÓN III (1858 – 1861). THE FRENCH STRATEGY TO FORGE AN AMERICAN EMPIRE)

Keywords: French Intervention, Mexico, Napoleon III, debts, European Imperialism.

Based on the review if the official documents on the French intervention found in the Archive of the Secretariat of Foreign Relations of Mexico, this work seeks to clarify the motives of Louis Napoleon and his ministers, to interfere in Mexican affairs since 1858, and determine the intervention of the country in 1861. Without attempting to resolve the principal historiographic debates elucidated for two centuries, nor to contradict the theses previously exposed, the article offers a new perspective of the phenomenon, and raises, from an objective and post – nationalist approach, an original and broad interpretation, typical of connected history.

 

Juan José Gómez Gutiérrez

Universidad de Sevilla (España)

HEGEMONÍA, FILOSOFÍA DE LA PRAXIS Y LA CUESTIÓN DEL ARTE EN LOS CUADERNOS DE LA CÁRCEL DE ANTONIO GRAMSCI

(HEGEMONY, PHILOSOPHY OF PRAXIS AND THE QUESTION OF ART IN ANTONIO GRAMSCI’S PRISON NOTEBOOKS)

Keywords: Gramsci, Aesthetics, Politics, Philosophy of Praxis

This paper deals with the relationship between Antonio Gramsci’s artistic and political thinking. For this I compare the terms “hegemony” and “philosophy of praxis” with Gramsci’s distinction between the cultural, civilising value of art, and its autonomous and distinct character.

 

Greta Mastroianni Greco

Università degli Studi di Rome Tre

LA PROSTITUZIONE SECONDO WENDY MCELROY: QUANDO IL LIBERTARISMO INCONTRA IL FEMMINISMO

(PROSTITUTION ACCORDING TO WENDY MCELROY: WHEN LIBERTARIANISM MEETS FEMINISM)

Keywords: McElroy Wendy, libertarianism, feminism, prostitution, decriminalization.

Wendy McElroy is a Canadian anarco-capitalist and a feminist author. She advocates prostitutes and their rights over their bodies. The essay discusses the connection between McElroy’s ifeminism and libertarianism within prostitution and the relationship between all the figures around this profession, always referring to the current American debate between libertarian feminism and radical feminism. This analysis of McElroy’s thought explores a complex and multifaceted phenomenon such as the prostitution one, trying to return the ideas of “A Reasonable Woman”.

 

Interventi/Remarks

Thomas Gallagher

University of Bradford, Great Britain

FASCIST GHOSTS DISTURB PORTUGAL (A REPLY TO YVES LÉONARD)

 

Note e discussioni/Notes and discussions

Baptiste Colmant

Université de Rouen-Normandie

(RE)LIRE GRAMSCI EN FRANCE (1989-2020)

READ AGAIN GRAMSCI IN FRANCE (1989-2020)

Keywords: Antonio Gramsci, André Tosel, Marxism, Communism, cultural transfer, hermeneutics.

The reception of Antonio Gramsci’s thought in France is paradoxical. Indeed, André Tosel wrote “that it’s urgent in France to get Gramsci out of the ignorance jail where he his wallowing” but Gramsci is the subject of a “citomania”: he has often been used by politicians. The hermeneutics, in political theory or in the praxis, are dependent on the political, economic, and social contexts. During the 1990’s the Gramscian thought vanished, nearly completely, from the political debate. Nevertheless, since 2007, Gramsci has known a revival in France. Indeed, before his election, Nicolas Sarkozy claimed the Gramscian legacy. Gramscian thought knows a new glory in France. That implies several readings confrontations. 

 

Cronache e notizie/Chronicles and news

Alessandra Antonella Rita Maglie

Università degli Studi di Torino

SOCIALISMO, MARXISMO, UTOPISMO NELLA STORIA DEL PENSIERO POLITICO. CONVEGNO IN MEMORIA DI GIAN MARIO BRAVO (1934- 2020) TORINO, 4-5 NOVEMBRE 2021

(SOCIALISM, MARXISM, UTOPISM IN THE HISTORY OF POLITICAL THINKING. CONFERENCE IN MEMORY OF GIAN MARIO BRAVO (1934-2020) TURIN, 4-5 NOVEMBER 2021) 


Direzione/Editors: Claudia Giurintano (Direttore responsabile, Università di Palermo), Giorgio Scichilone (Università di Palermo).

Eugenio Guccione (Direttore emerito, Università di Palermo).

Comitato Scientifico/ Advisory Board: Marcella Aglietti (Università di Pisa); Francesco Bonini (Università Lumsa); Carmelo Calabrò (Università di Pisa); Gabriele Carletti (Università di Teramo); Paolo Carta (Università di Trento); Manuela Ceretta (Università di Torino); Salvatore Cingari (Università per Stranieri di Perugia); Alberto De Sanctis (Università di Genova); Franco M. Di Sciullo (Università di Messina); Claudia Giurintano (Università di Palermo); Guido Melis (Università di Roma La Sapienza); Enza Pelleriti (Università di Messina); Francesca Russo (Università Suor Orsola Benincasa); Fabrizio Sciacca (Università di Catania); Giorgio Scichilone (Università di Palermo); Luca Scuccimarra (Università di Roma La Sapienza); Mario Tesini (Università di Parma).- Honorary Members: Nicola Antonetti (Università di Parma); Giuseppe Astuto (Università di Catania); Paolo Bagnoli (Università di Siena); Franca Biondi Nalis (Università di Catania); Giuseppe Buttà (Università di Messina); Maria Sofia Corciulo (Università di Roma La Sapienza); Eugenio Guccione (Università di Palermo); Francesco Mercadante (Università di Roma La Sapienza); Paolo Pastori (Università di Camerino); Claudio Vasale (Università Lumsa).

Comitato Scientifico Internazionale/International Advisory Board: Francisco Javier Ansuátegui Roig (Universidad Carlo III de Madrid); Fernando Ciaramitaro (Universidad Autónoma de la Ciudad de México); William J. Connell (Seton Hall University); Bernard A. Cook (Loyola University New Orleans); John P. McCormick (University of Chicago); Jean-Yves Frétigné (Université de Rouen – Normandie); Marcel Gauchet (École des Hautes Études en Sciences Sociales - Paris); Rachel Hammersley (Newcastle University); François Jankowiak (Université Paris-Sud/Paris-Saclay); Salvatore Rotella† (Riverside Community College - California); Quentin Skinner (University of London).

Comitato Editoriale/Editorial Board: Mauro Buscemi (Università di Palermo), Dario Caroniti (Università di Messina), Federica Falchi (Università di Cagliari), Elena G. Faraci (Università di Catania), Stefania Mazzone (Università di Catania), Spartaco Pupo (Università della Calabria), Angela Taraborrelli (Università di Cagliari).

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