Storia e Politica 1/2020
Keywords: Mirabeau, cosmopolitanism, translation, Romilly, French Revolution.
Count Mirabeau is remembered in particular as a charismatic leader during the early period of the French Revolution and as such, in
popular imagination, emblematic of Frenchness. In reality, by the time the revolution broke out, Mirabeau already had an international reputation, and his political and cultural reference points were strikingly cosmopolitan. Intervening in a number of international debates, he used translation, in particular, as a means promoting the causes that were dear to him, through a collaboration with a young English lawyer, Samuel Romilly. This paper will explore Mirabeau’s work as a translator and propose a figure who was exemplary of the cosmopolitan environment of late eighteenth-century radicalism.
(NATIONAL SOVEREIGNTY AND FEMALE REPRESENTATION: PARIS 1788-1789)
Keywords: French Revolution, national sovereignty, female representation, citizenship, Paris 1788-1789.
At the beginning of the French Revolution, a debate developed with the aim of redefining sovereignty and citizenship. In this context, women are considered passive citizens because, according to many opinions, their vote would be double that of their husband. But French women are calling for access to the assemblies
both because of a question of justice and because of the need for there to be correspondence between those who are representatives and those who are represented, as well as for the contribution they can make to
(THE LACORDAIRE MOMENT)
Keywords: Lacordaire, Catholicism, Liberalism, France, Nineteenth century.
Henri Lacordaire was a leading figure in the history of Nineteenth-Century French Liberal-Catholicism. He aroused wide interest in the early years of the July Monarchy as an influential preacher in the Cathedral of Notre-Dame de Paris. Then, he played a prominent
role in the Revolution of 1848. Finally, despite being in opposition to Napoleon III, he was elected at the Académie Française in the culminationg years of the Second Empire. Thanks to his exceptional and often provocative intellectual performances, Lacordaire was constantly in the public eye. Through the lens of this peculiar and influential figure, this essay aims to show the profound transformations concerning political and religious institutions as well as modes of thinking in an epoch marked by the shadow of the French Revolution and by the dawning of a fully accomplished modernity.
(ESSAY ON THE EVOLUTION OF THE RELATIONSHIPS BETWEEN GEOGRAPHY AND HISTORY IN THE WORKS OF PAUL VIDAL DE LA BACHE, ANDRÉ SIEGFRIED AND PAUL BOIS. EXAMPLE OF THE MAINE)
Keywords: Epistemological relationships between geography, political sociology and history, Paul Vidal de la Blache, André Siegfried, Paul Bois, Western France.
From a battered Maine, reduced to the land of chouannerie within a western France itself considered a side-show of French History, to a precise grasp of popular mindsets, fifty-seven years have separated the publishing of Tableau de la géographie de la France (1903) by the geographer Paul Vidal de La Blache from that of Paysans de l’Ouest (1960) by the historian Paul Bois. In between, André Siegfried published his fundamental study Tableau politique de la France de l’Ouest sous la Troisième République (1913), inaugurating electoral sociology. This fertile period made it possible to comprehend the political and social mechanisms operating in Maine and in western France generally which, for too long, have been overlooked or misrepresented.
(POLICY AND «PUBLIC ORDER« DURING ITALIAN LIBERAL STATE 1861-1876)
Keywords: Italian Liberal State, Penal Policy, Public Order, Decree-Law, Emergency laws.
This paper has been processed within a more general working hypothesis related to the analysis of the extraordinary measures developed by Italian liberal State during specific situations, such as criminal phenomena, political dissent, or social unrests, that very often used violence as a tool. For the historical phase we examine, the unconventional use of Decree-Laws and state of siege, produced a sort of “public order penal policy”, founded on typing some crimes and criminalizing those who commit them. This pattern basically entered inside the Italian legal system and the government’ praxis.
(REPUBLICAN ITALY IN THE LITERATURE AND POLITICS OF TOMMASEO)
Keywords: Niccolò Tommaseo, Risorgimento, national literature, liberal Catholicism, exile.
The essay reconstructs the presence and the role of Niccolò Tommaseo (1802-1874) in the Unification of Italy by examining the
overall republican vision of Italy through his works, inspired by the ideas of liberal Catholicism. The paragraphs of the article highlight the cultural and political experiences he lived through, both in the years spent in exile in Paris and in the years before and after 1848. Particular attention is paid to the intellectual relationships that link Tommaseo to Florence, where he spends a good part of his life establishing himself as a writer and a patriot committed to national independence, always striving for a balanced relationship between Church and State even after the Unification.
Cronache e notizie/Chronicles and news
Nicholas Lorenzo Pesci
Direzione/Editors: Eugenio Guccione (Direttore Emerito) – Claudia Giurintano (Direttore responsabile), Giorgio Scichilone.
Comitato Scientifico/Advisory Board: Francesco Bonini (Università di Roma LUMSA); Gabriele Carletti (Università di Teramo); Paolo Carta (Università di Trento); Manuela Ceretta (Università di Torino); Salvatore Cingari (Università per Stranieri di Perugia); Alberto De Sanctis (Università di Genova); Franco M. Di Sciullo (Università di Messina); Claudia Giurintano (Università di Palermo); Guido Melis (Università di Roma La Sapienza); Enza Pelleriti (Università di Messina); Fabrizio Sciacca (Università di Catania); Luca Scuccimarra (Università di Roma La Sapienza); Mario Tesini (Università di Parma).- Honorary Members: Nicola Antonetti (Università di Parma); Giuseppe Astuto (Università di Catania); Paolo Bagnoli (Università di Siena); Franca Biondi Nalis (Università di Catania); Giuseppe Buttà (Università di Messina); Maria Sofia Corciulo (Università di Roma La Sapienza); Eugenio Guccione (Università di Palermo); Francesco Mercadante (Università di Roma La Sapienza); Paolo Pastori (Università di Camerino); Claudio Vasale (Università LUMSA).
Comitato Scientifico Internazionale/International Advisory Board: Francisco Javier Ansuátegui Roig (Universidad Carlo III de Madrid); William J. Connell (Seton Hall University); Bernard A. Cook (Loyola University New Orleans); John P. McCormick (University of Chicago); Jean-Yves Frétigné (Université de Rouen – Normandie); François Jankowiak (Université Paris- Sud/Paris-Saclay); Quentin Skinner (University of London).
Comitato Editoriale/Editorial Board: Cataldo Nicosia (coordinamento editoriale – Università di Catania), Mauro Buscemi (Pontificia Facoltà di Scienze dell'Educazione Auxilium- sede Partinico), Dario Caroniti (Università di Messina), Walter Crivellin (Università di Torino), Federica Falchi (Università di Cagliari),Angela Taraborrelli (Università di Cagliari).
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